Knowledge is the driving force of society, the source of power and competitive advantages. However, today we face two main issues: the crisis of the educational system (Albert Camus said that school is the place, where we get prepared to the world, which does not exists any more) and the fast changes (none of the universities in the world can teach students to remain professionals within 10-20 years). Thus, we need to learn all the time and here is the practical advice on how to work on this effectively.
Rules You Should Know to Learn Effectively
- Learning is effective if it is difficult for you. A person needs to apply effort to get knowledge.
- A human being tends to create illusions concerning evaluations of their educational process. To avoid this, you should pass tests: additional questions at the end of the paragraphs in books or exercises to revise the learnt information.
- Reading texts and learning by heart does not work. Those are the easy processes, which contradict the first rule.
- Practice of recollecting is the basis of learning. There are two ways. The first is the postponed recollection, when you write down a question on one side and the answer on the other. You should learn their content and redo the exercise in a month. The second is the method of complex learning. If you learn something and you divide this into aspects to learn separately, this will not work well. Train all the aspects at once.
- Resolve the issue before being taught on how to. There is no matter, whether you will succeed or create a bicycle. Applying effort will help you to widen your possibilities.
- Knowledge gets constructed. A lot of people think that a brain is an emptiness being filled with knowledge. You take it, you put it into your head and you feel great. In the real life knowledge sticks to information that already exists in our brains. Thus, it is necessary to connect new and difficult stuff through the old and clear. You can benefit from metaphors and comparison.
- Mental models. The more models a person can rule, the more things they can understand. For example, we know that evolution is a natural development from the simple to the complex, which works slowly. However, what do we know about the chemical evolution? This can be guessed or learned to widen the general understanding of evolution in itself.