Evenhandedness is the very first thing you must take into account before you start typing an essay about protection of LGBT rights around the globe. I’m sure you hold your personal, more or less independent opinion on homosexuality and everything connected with it. Either do I. But expressing this opinion too straightforwardly in our time can cost you at least a grade and reputation at college. Hopefully, the situation will change for the better.
What do I offer in such a case? Let’s stay unbiased and rational. Let’s pile your professor up with statistics, innovations in legislation of different states, and the resolutions of the United Nations. Let’s just state facts. Based on them, you can briefly describe your personal position in the conclusion of an essay. Below you’ll also find some tips on presenting it in a maximally polite, acceptable, and persuasive manner.
That’s what academia expects from you. So, let’s meet these expectations without going against your own considerations.
Mention the Uncertain but Purposeful Steps to Recognition
Today it’s still difficult to say for sure if it’s rapid progress towards protection and equalization of LGBT rights that causes considerable violence against these people, or if it’s severe violence against lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgenders that causes impressive progress towards protection of their human rights.
Nonetheless, more and more countries keep extending marriage to same-sex couples, dec;riminalizing homosexuality, and simply mitigating their people’s attitudes to homosexual acts. Of course, obviously liberal amendments at these states’ governmental level may not bear witness to the general opinion of the masses. However, one essential thing about the whole situation gets clearer: the possible irrational violation of LGBT rights in these countries will be either punished by law or at least severely criticized by public opinion, which is mostly illuminated in mass media.
Here you can find the map presenting the global state of LGBT rights in 2016.
You can see that the Western World looks more flexible in terms of allowing same-sex marriage or the so-called civil unions. Although such countries as the United Kingdom (excepting Northern Ireland) and Mexico implement certain jurisdictions over the issue, general public attitude to it there is quite mild.
In 65 countries homosexual acts were considered illegal as of 2016. Pakistan and Brunei claimed to impose a death penalty for any of them but no evidence of its implementation has been reported for these two years. In India, however, according to a 2014 law, same-sex relations can be punished by 15 to 20-year imprisonment.
Yet this is definitely more liberal than punishing homosexual acts by death. Such penalty can be practiced in 10 states of our world nowadays, including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Afghanistan. However, it’s not very clear if any gay person has been executed on the grounds of law in these countries. It should be noted that constitutions and penal codes of these ten countries reference to Sharia or Islamic law, which is an integral part of the strong Islamic tradition and prohibits any same-sex relations.
Interestingly, the number of countries that have already brought the issue of homosexuality up to the legal level is almost the same as the number of countries that remain relatively neutral, trying to avoid both support and criminalization of homosexual acts. Indonesia, China, and Russia are among them.
However, the local governments may and do pose certain restrictions. In China, for example, LGBT people may be threatened and forced to submit to conversion therapy that includes even electric shocks, despite the fact that in 2001 homosexuality was removed from the Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders officially.
Write About Homophobia and “Traditional Values”
The United Nations and Council of Europe use the term “homophobia” in the documents that elucidate violation of LGBT rights. The term was coined by George Weinberg, an American psychologist, in the 1960s. Simply put, it means biased treatment or even fear of LGBT people. However, homophobia has already grown into something more threatening than a silent personal consideration.
Sociologists claim that nowadays it is a political tool that helps some leaders to ennoble their images and distract local and international attention from more burning issues their people are actually facing. Engaging institutions of human rights and mass media, they tend to portray themselves as guardians of “traditional values” beset with “morbid” moods that undermine convenient patriarchal norms.
However, it also would be too radical to argue that these very norms should be undermined. Islamic countries and Russia, the strongest opponents of worldwide liberalization and official acknowledgement of homosexual relations, realize what influence such steps may have on their citizens’ lifestyles and well-beings. While a death penalty definitely is a very severe reaction to homosexual acts, some milder restrictions on LGBT rights might really help to protect LGBT people from homophobes’ “morbid” attitudes to them.
Protection of traditional social values put against protection of LGBT rights could be justified reasonably, unless the measures taken contradicted general human morality, which in fact takes roots from the very same tradition.
Still the world’s leaders who claim themselves as protectors of tradition and morality appear to be impeding the United Nations’ developments in the global protection of LGBT people’s rights.
Express Your Opinion Confidently
But base it on the facts you provide in your essay.
You can write that our society isn’t ready for worldwide legalization of homosexual relations mostly because of religious and cultural norms, which still weigh a lot in many countries.
Or you can write that LGBT people deserve respect and protection just like all people on the Earth. As long as it’s not accepted to stone mentally ill people to death, similar violence against gays or lesbians shouldn’t be tolerated either.
Yes, you should stay that impersonal in your essay, though you can add something like “I believe” or “I admit”. Remember that rationality and fairness should go above all.